Fitzgerald, Thomas, Earl of Desmond

(c. 1426–1468)
   An adherent of the house of YORK, Thomas Fitzgerald, the eighth earl of Desmond, served as EDWARD IV’s lord deputy of IRELAND in the mid-1460s.
   With the execution of James BUTLER, the staunchly Lancastrian earl of Ormond, in May 1461, political dominance in Ireland passed to the Fitzgerald family, whose leaders had attached themselves in the 1450s to the cause of Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York. Succeeding his father as earl of Desmond in 1462, the eighth earl maintained his family’s Yorkist allegiance by crushing a Lancastrian invasion of Ireland led by Ormond’s brothers, John and FITZGERALD, THOMAS, EARL OF DESMOND 93 Thomas Butler, both of whom had been attainted by Edward IV’s first PARLIAMENT. In 1463, the king rewarded Desmond by appointing him lord deputy. Governing in close association with his kinsman, Thomas FITZGERALD, earl of Kildare, Desmond, like earlier Anglo-Irish deputies, used the authority and financial resources attached to his official position to advance his own and his family’s interests.
   Desmond’s quarrels with other Anglo-Irish nobles, his friendliness with native Irish leaders, and his attempts to impose new exactions on the landowners in the Pale (i.e., the most Anglicized region of Ireland around Dublin) led to uprisings and complaints that cost him the favor of the king. By 1468, Edward had replaced him as lord deputy with John TIPTOFT, the English earl of Worcester. In the Irish Parliament of that year, Worcester secured a bill of ATTAINDER against both Desmond and Kildare, although only the former suffered execution. His effectiveness destroyed by his actions against his predecessors, Worcester was recalled in 1470. The attainders of Desmond and Kildare were reversed, and the latter assumed the deputyship. Although Desmond’s heir was allowed to succeed to his father’s lands and title, relations between the English Crown and the Desmond Fitzgeralds were strained for decades.
   Further Reading: Cosgrove, Art, Late Medieval Ireland, 1370-1541 (Dublin: Helicon, 1981); Lydon, James, Ireland in the Later Middle Ages (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1973); OtwayRuthven, A. J., A History of Medieval Ireland (New York: Barnes and Noble Books, 1980).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fitzgerald, Thomas, Earl of Kildare — (d. 1478)    The dominant political figure in IRELAND from the mid 1450s until his death, Thomas Fitzgerald, seventh earl of Kildare, closely allied himself and his family with the house of YORK and made Ireland a Yorkist stronghold. Between 1455 …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond — Infobox Monarch | name = Géaroîd Mac Géarald Gerald FitzGerald title = Earl of Desmond reign = 15.... 1597 coronation = 1587, South Munster predecessor = .. successor = ... heir = consort = issue = royal house = royal anthem =... father = ...… …   Wikipedia

  • Maurice FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Desmond — Maurice FitzThomas FitzGerald, 1st Earl of Desmond (died 25 January 1356) was an Irish nobleman in the Peerage of Ireland, Captain of Desmond Castle in Kinsale, so called ruler of Munster, and for a short time Lord Justice of Ireland. The second… …   Wikipedia

  • Earl of Desmond — The title of Earl of Desmond has been held historically by lords in Ireland, first as a title outside of the peerage system and later as part of the Peerage of Ireland.The original Earldom of Desmond, based on land holdings in Munster belonged… …   Wikipedia

  • Desmond, Gerald Fitzgerald, 14th earl of — ▪ Irish noble byname  The Rebel Earl   born c. 1538 died Nov. 11, 1583, Glenageenty, County Kerry, Ire.       Irish Roman Catholic nobleman who led one of the three major Irish rebellions against English rule under Queen Elizabeth I.       The… …   Universalium

  • Gerald FitzGerald, 8th Earl of Kildare — Gerald Gearoid Mór Fitzgerald KG, the 8th Earl of Kildare (d. c. 3 September 1513), known variously as Garret the Great or the Great Earl , was Ireland s premier nobleman. He served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1477 to 1494, and from 1496… …   Wikipedia

  • Desmond, Earl of —    see Fitzgerald, Thomas, Earl of Desmond …   Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses

  • Desmond Rebellions — The Desmond Rebellions occurred in 1569 1573 and 1579 1583 in the Irish province of Munster. They were rebellions by the Earl of Desmond – head of the FitzGerald dynasty in Munster – and his followers, the Geraldines and their allies against the… …   Wikipedia

  • FitzGerald — Family name name =FitzGerald imagesize= caption= pronunciation = meaning = son of Gerald region = origin = related names =Gerald footnotes =Peers of IrelandThe FitzGeralds are a Hiberno Norman dynasty, and have been Peers of Ireland since at… …   Wikipedia

  • Fitzgerald — (oder in traditioneller Schreibweise FitzGerald) ist ein patronymisch gebildeter irischer Familienname mit der Bedeutung „Sohn des Gerald“.[1] Der Zusatz „Fitz“ leitet sich vom normannischen / frz. filz/ fiz ab, der sich selbst vom lateinischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.